Nakhon Si Thammarat

Image of Nakhon Si Thammarat

The province of Nakhon Si Thammarat, situated approximately 780 km. from Bangkok on the eastern coast of the southern peninsula, is the historic heart and the second largest city of the region. Originally known as Ligor, Nakhon Si Thammarat dates back to 2nd century AD and subsequently gained importance as a staging post on the early trade route between China and southern India.

Between the 8th and 13th centuries, the area was part of the powerful Srivijaya empire. After the rise of the Thais, Nakhon Si Thammarat served as a religious and cultural centre when Theravada Buddhism spread from Sri Lanka to Sukhothai in the late 13th century. Today, the city remains a cultural hub, notably for shadow puppets, southern Thai dance, and the nielloware craft of fashioning objects out of silver mixed with a black alloy. Most of the city is mountainous and forested, although there are several attractive beaches along the eastern coastline.

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